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[数据库]SQLServer的Login迁移脚本


背景:公司的数据由SQLServer2008 R2升级至SQLServer2012,并配置了AlwaysOn,本脚本用于将主节点的Login迁移至辅助节点。

1.在主节点执行以下脚本创建存储过程:

USE masterGOIF OBJECT_ID ('sp_hexadecimal') IS NOT NULL DROP PROCEDURE sp_hexadecimalGOCREATE PROCEDURE sp_hexadecimal  @binvalue varbinary(256),  @hexvalue varchar (514) OUTPUTASDECLARE @charvalue varchar (514)DECLARE @i intDECLARE @length intDECLARE @hexstring char(16)SELECT @charvalue = '0x'SELECT @i = 1SELECT @length = DATALENGTH (@binvalue)SELECT @hexstring = '0123456789ABCDEF'WHILE (@i <= @length)BEGIN DECLARE @tempint int DECLARE @firstint int DECLARE @secondint int SELECT @tempint = CONVERT(int, SUBSTRING(@binvalue,@i,1)) SELECT @firstint = FLOOR(@tempint/16) SELECT @secondint = @tempint - (@firstint*16) SELECT @charvalue = @charvalue +  SUBSTRING(@hexstring, @firstint+1, 1) +  SUBSTRING(@hexstring, @secondint+1, 1) SELECT @i = @i + 1ENDSELECT @hexvalue = @charvalueGO IF OBJECT_ID ('sp_help_revlogin') IS NOT NULL DROP PROCEDURE sp_help_revloginGOCREATE PROCEDURE sp_help_revlogin @login_name sysname = NULL ASDECLARE @name sysnameDECLARE @type varchar (1)DECLARE @hasaccess intDECLARE @denylogin intDECLARE @is_disabled intDECLARE @PWD_varbinary varbinary (256)DECLARE @PWD_string varchar (514)DECLARE @SID_varbinary varbinary (85)DECLARE @SID_string varchar (514)DECLARE @tmpstr varchar (1024)DECLARE @is_policy_checked varchar (3)DECLARE @is_expiration_checked varchar (3)DECLARE @defaultdb sysname IF (@login_name IS NULL) DECLARE login_curs CURSOR FOR   SELECT p.sid, p.name, p.type, p.is_disabled, p.default_database_name, l.hasaccess, l.denylogin FROM sys.server_principals p LEFT JOIN sys.syslogins l   ON ( l.name = p.name ) WHERE p.type IN ( 'S', 'G', 'U' ) AND p.name <> 'sa'ELSE DECLARE login_curs CURSOR FOR   SELECT p.sid, p.name, p.type, p.is_disabled, p.default_database_name, l.hasaccess, l.denylogin FROM sys.server_principals p LEFT JOIN sys.syslogins l   ON ( l.name = p.name ) WHERE p.type IN ( 'S', 'G', 'U' ) AND p.name = @login_nameOPEN login_cursFETCH NEXT FROM login_curs INTO @SID_varbinary, @name, @type, @is_disabled, @defaultdb, @hasaccess, @denyloginIF (@@fetch_status = -1)BEGIN PRINT 'No login(s) found.' CLOSE login_curs DEALLOCATE login_curs RETURN -1ENDSET @tmpstr = '/* sp_help_revlogin script 'PRINT @tmpstrSET @tmpstr = '** Generated ' + CONVERT (varchar, GETDATE()) + ' on ' + @@SERVERNAME + ' */'PRINT @tmpstrPRINT ''WHILE (@@fetch_status <> -1)BEGIN IF (@@fetch_status <> -2) BEGIN  PRINT ''  SET @tmpstr = '-- Login: ' + @name  PRINT @tmpstr  IF (@type IN ( 'G', 'U'))  BEGIN -- NT authenticated account/group   SET @tmpstr = 'CREATE LOGIN ' + QUOTENAME( @name ) + ' FROM WINDOWS WITH DEFAULT_DATABASE = [' + @defaultdb + ']'  END  ELSE BEGIN -- SQL Server authentication    -- obtain password and sid      SET @PWD_varbinary = CAST( LOGINPROPERTY( @name, 'PasswordHash' ) AS varbinary (256) )    EXEC sp_hexadecimal @PWD_varbinary, @PWD_string OUT    EXEC sp_hexadecimal @SID_varbinary,@SID_string OUT     -- obtain password policy state    SELECT @is_policy_checked = CASE is_policy_checked WHEN 1 THEN 'ON' WHEN 0 THEN 'OFF' ELSE NULL END FROM sys.sql_logins WHERE name = @name    SELECT @is_expiration_checked = CASE is_expiration_checked WHEN 1 THEN 'ON' WHEN 0 THEN 'OFF' ELSE NULL END FROM sys.sql_logins WHERE name = @name       SET @tmpstr = 'CREATE LOGIN ' + QUOTENAME( @name ) + ' WITH PASSWORD = ' + @PWD_string + ' HASHED, SID = ' + @SID_string + ', DEFAULT_DATABASE = [' + @defaultdb + ']'    IF ( @is_policy_checked IS NOT NULL )    BEGIN     SET @tmpstr = @tmpstr + ', CHECK_POLICY = ' + @is_policy_checked    END    IF ( @is_expiration_checked IS NOT NULL )    BEGIN     SET @tmpstr = @tmpstr + ', CHECK_EXPIRATION = ' + @is_expiration_checked    END  END  IF (@denylogin = 1)  BEGIN -- login is denied access   SET @tmpstr = @tmpstr + '; DENY CONNECT SQL TO ' + QUOTENAME( @name )  END  ELSE IF (@hasaccess = 0)  BEGIN -- login exists but does not have access   SET @tmpstr = @tmpstr + '; REVOKE CONNECT SQL TO ' + QUOTENAME( @name )  END  IF (@is_disabled = 1)  BEGIN -- login is disabled   SET @tmpstr = @tmpstr + '; ALTER LOGIN ' + QUOTENAME( @name ) + ' DISABLE'  END  PRINT @tmpstr END FETCH NEXT FROM login_curs INTO @SID_varbinary, @name, @type, @is_disabled, @defaultdb, @hasaccess, @denylogin  ENDCLOSE login_cursDEALLOCATE login_cursRETURN 0GO

 2.在主节点执行存储过程,导出创建Login的SQL语句:

EXEC sp_help_revlogin 

 3.将第2步生成的脚本进行删减后在辅助节点执行。

 4.在主节点执行以下脚本,导出数据库用户的角色身份、对象权限,并在辅助节点执行:

--	更改【此用户拥有的架构】select s.name,p.name,'ALTER AUTHORIZATION ON SCHEMA::['+s.name+'] TO ['+p.name+']'from sys.schemas s inner join sys.database_principals p on s.principal_id=p.principal_idwhere s.name <> p.name--	授予【数据库角色成员身份】权限SELECT 'exec sp_addrolemember N'''+g.name+''', N'''+u.name+''''FROM sys.database_principals uinner join sys.database_role_members m on u.principal_id = m.member_principal_idinner join sys.database_principals g on g.principal_id = m.role_principal_idORDER BY g.name,u.name--	授予【安全对象】权限SELECT N'grant '+B.permission_name collate chinese_prc_ci_ai_ws+N' on ['+A.name+N'] to ['+C.name+N']'FROM sys.sysobjects A(NOLOCK) INNER JOIN sys.database_permissions B(NOLOCK) ON A.id=B.major_id INNER JOIN sys.database_principals C(NOLOCK) ON B.grantee_principal_id=C.principal_id--WHERE C.name='MyPrincipalName' --AND A.name='MyobjectName'--	程序集权限查询及授予SELECT * FROM sys.types WHERE is_user_defined=1SELECT * FROM sys.table_typesSELECT pms.state_desc,pms.permission_name,pms.class_desc,stt.name,tt.name,psp.name,pms.state_desc+' '+pms.permission_name+' ON '+class_desc+'::['+stt.name+'].['+tt.name+'] TO ['+psp.name+']'collate Chinese_PRC_Stroke_CI_AS FROM sys.table_types AS ttINNER JOIN sys.schemas AS stt ON stt.schema_id = tt.schema_idINNER JOIN sys.database_permissions AS pms ON pms.major_id=tt.user_type_idINNER JOIN sys.database_principals AS psp ON psp.principal_id = pms.grantee_principal_idWHERE pms.class=6 AND pms.minor_id=0 AND pms.state = 'G'