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[操作系统]Linux下安装Nginx1.9.3


操作系统:CentOS6.5 64bit

Nginx: 1.9.3

 

1、下载Nginx

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ softs]# wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.9.3.tar.gz

 

2、安装依赖的库

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ softs]# yum -y install gcc automake autoconf libtool make libperl-devel perl-ExtUtils-Embed

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ softs]# yum install gcc gcc-c++

 

3、安装pcre,用于重写rewrite

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ softs]# wget ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.37.tar.gz 

  将pcre安装到 /usr/local/src

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ softs]# cd /usr/local/src/

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ src]# tar pcre-8.37.tar.gz [root@iZ94jj63a3sZ src]# cd pcre-8.37

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ pcre-8.37]# ./configure [root@iZ94jj63a3sZ pcre-8.37]# make[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ pcre-8.37]# make install

 

4、安装zlib,用于gzip压缩

  安装到/usr/local/src

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ src]# wget http://zlib.net/zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ src]# tar -zxv zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz 

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ src]# cd zlib-1.2.8

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ zlib-1.2.8]# ./configure [root@iZ94jj63a3sZ zlib-1.2.8]# make[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ zlib-1.2.8]# make install

 

5、安装openssl,用于ssl

  安装到/usr/local/src

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ src]# wget http://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-1.0.2d.tar.gz

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ src]# tar -zxvf openssl-1.0.2d.tar.gz 

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ src]# cd openssl-1.0.2d

 

6、安装Nginx

  安装到/usr/local/nginx

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ softs]# cd /usr/local[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ local]# pwd/usr/local[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ local]# 

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ local]# cd nginx-1.9.3

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ nginx-1.9.3]# ./configure \--prefix=/usr/local/nginx--with-http_ssl_module \--with-pcre=/usr/local/src/pcre-8.37 \--with-zlib=/usr/local/src/zlib-1.2.8 \--with-openssl=/usr/local/src/openssl-1.0.1d

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ nginx-1.9.3]# make[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ nginx-1.9.3]# make install

 

7、设置开机自启动

  在/etc/init.d/下建立nginx文件

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ init.d]# vi nginx

   写入以下内容:

#!/bin/bash# nginx Startup script for the Nginx HTTP Server# chkconfig: - 85 15# description: Nginx is a high-performance web and proxy server.#       It has a lot of features, but it's not for everyone.# processname: nginx# pidfile: /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid# config: /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.confnginxd=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginxnginx_config=/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.confnginx_pid=/usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pidRETVAL=0prog="nginx"# Source function library.. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions# Source networking configuration.. /etc/sysconfig/network# Check that networking is up.[ ${NETWORKING} = "no" ] && exit 0[ -x $nginxd ] || exit 0# Start nginx daemons functions.start() {if [ -e $nginx_pid ];then  echo "nginx already running...."  exit 1fi  echo -n $"Starting $prog: "  daemon $nginxd -c ${nginx_config}  RETVAL=$?  echo  [ $RETVAL = 0 ] && touch /var/lock/subsys/nginx  return $RETVAL}# Stop nginx daemons functions.stop() {    echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "    killproc $nginxd    RETVAL=$?    echo    [ $RETVAL = 0 ] && rm -f /var/lock/subsys/nginx /var/run/nginx.pid}# reload nginx service functions.reload() {  echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "  #kill -HUP `cat ${nginx_pid}`  killproc $nginxd -HUP  RETVAL=$?  echo}# See how we were called.case "$1" instart)    start    ;;stop)    stop    ;;reload)    reload    ;;restart)    stop    start    ;;status)    status $prog    RETVAL=$?    ;;*)    echo $"Usage: $prog {start|stop|restart|reload|status|help}"    exit 1esacexit $RETVAL

 

  赋予可执行权限

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ init.d]# chmod a+x /etc/init.d/nginx

  设置开机启动

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ init.d]# chkconfig --add /etc/init.d/nginx[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ init.d]# chkconfig nginx on

 

   启动:

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ lib64]# service nginx startStarting nginx:                      [ OK ][root@iZ94jj63a3sZ lib64]# 

 

 

8、启动报错处理

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ init.d]# service nginx startStarting nginx: /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx: error while loading shared libraries: libpcre.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory                              [FAILED]

 

  使用ldd看nginx包含的动态函式库

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ src]# ldd $(which /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx)    linux-vdso.so.1 => (0x00007fff89fff000)    libpthread.so.0 => /lib64/libpthread.so.0 (0x0000003978400000)    libcrypt.so.1 => /lib64/libcrypt.so.1 (0x000000397b800000)    libpcre.so.1 => not found    libcrypto.so.10 => /usr/lib64/libcrypto.so.10 (0x00007ffd9a115000)    libz.so.1 => /lib64/libz.so.1 (0x0000003977c00000)    libc.so.6 => /lib64/libc.so.6 (0x0000003978000000)    /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2 (0x0000003977800000)    libfreebl3.so => /lib64/libfreebl3.so (0x000000397ac00000)    libdl.so.2 => /lib64/libdl.so.2 (0x0000003978800000)[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ src]# cd /

  可以看到  libpcre.so.1 => not found

  解决方法:

  进入/lib64目录中手动链接下

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ init.d]# cd /lib64/

[root@iZ94jj63a3sZ lib64]# ln -s libpcre.so.0.0.1 libpcre.so.1

 然后再启动.