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[Java教程]js图片查看器

 

    本功能是为了解决运营对后台管理系统中用户上传的各种角度和尺寸的图片难以浏览的问题,于是花了两天时间写了这个插件,给大家分享。

    兼容现代浏览器,不兼容ie678,主要是一些效果无法实现。

    带有图片查看器的常用功能,UI设计和交互灵感来源于google的picasa。

    为了保证整体的清洁,界面没有使用任何图标,有需要的可以自行修改css。

 

    不知道什么原因插不了iframe,DEMO

 

    代码如下:

 

js

/** * 照片浏览 * -- * @author Lianer * @version 2015.06.11 * @description 带有常用照片查看功能,包括缩放、自适应、移动、切换、旋转、下载,ie9+ * @example *  var pv=new PhotoView(); *  pv.add(["1.jpg", "2.jpg", "3.jpg"]); // 追加列表 *  pv.show();  // 显示 *  pv.close(); // 关闭 *  pv.aim(1);  // 定位到指定位置 *  pv.reset(); // 重置 */(function () { "use strict"; var PhotoView=window.PhotoView=function () {  var createElement=function (type, className, parent) {   var elem=document.createElement(type);   if(className) elem.className=className;   if(parent) parent.appendChild(elem);   return elem;  };  var bindWheel=function (elem, fn, cancelBubble) {   if("onwheel" in document){    elem.onwheel=handler;   }   else if("onmousewheel" in document){    elem.onmousewheel=handler;   }   else{    return false;   }   return true;   function handler(e) {    e=window.event||e;    var deltaX = e.deltaX ||    // wheel           -e.wheelDeltaX || // onmousewheel           0;         // firefox,DOMMouseScroll不支持2D    var deltaY = e.deltaY ||    // wheel           -e.wheelDeltaY || // onmousewheel           -e.wheelDelta ||  // 1D           e.detail ||    // firefox,DOMMouseScroll           0;    deltaX=deltaX>0?1:deltaX<0?-1:0;    deltaY=deltaY>0?1:deltaY<0?-1:0;    fn(deltaY, deltaX, e);    if(cancelBubble){     if(e.preventDefault) e.preventDefault();     if(e.stopPropagation) e.stopPropagation();     e.cancelBubble=true;     e.returnValue=false;     return false;    }   }  };    var pv=function () {   this.index=0;   this.queue=[];   var elem=this.elem={};   // 外框   elem.wrap=createElement("div", "photoview photoview_" + pv.size++);   elem.wrap.setAttribute("tabindex", "0");   // 容器   elem.container=createElement("div", "photoview-container", elem.wrap);   // 缩放指数   elem.scaleValue=createElement("div", "photoview-scale-value", elem.container);   elem.scaleValue.style.display="none";   // 预览   elem.view=createElement("div", "photoview-view", elem.container);   elem.viewCache=createElement("img");   // 控制栏   elem.control=createElement("div", "photoview-control", elem.wrap);   // 控制栏队列   elem.controlQueue=createElement("div", "photoview-control-queue", elem.control);   // 编辑   elem.controlEdit=createElement("div", "photoview-control-edit", elem.control);   // 放大   elem.scaleUp=createElement("div", "photoview-scale-up", elem.controlEdit);   // 缩小   elem.scaleDown=createElement("div", "photoview-scale-down", elem.controlEdit);   // 自适应   elem.scaleAdapt=createElement("div", "photoview-scale-adapt", elem.controlEdit);   // 上一张   elem.prev=createElement("div", "photoview-prev", elem.controlEdit);   // 下一张   elem.next=createElement("div", "photoview-next", elem.controlEdit);   // 逆时针旋转   elem.rotateCCW=createElement("div", "photoview-rotate-ccw", elem.controlEdit);   // 顺时针旋转   elem.rotateCW=createElement("div", "photoview-rotate-cw", elem.controlEdit);   // 下载   if(window.Blob) elem.download=createElement("div", "photoview-download", elem.controlEdit);   // 关闭   elem.close=createElement("div", "photoview-close", elem.wrap);   elem.close.innerHTML="关闭";   document.body.appendChild(elem.wrap);   this.$bind();  };  pv.prototype={   // control定位   aim: function (n) {    var _this=this, elem=this.elem, queue=this.queue;    if(n>queue.length-1){     n=queue.length;    }    else if(n<0){     n=0;    }    var target=elem.controlQueue.querySelectorAll("p");    if(target){     target=target[n];    }    if(target){     var last=elem.controlQueue.querySelector(".active");     if(last){      last.className="";     }     target.className="active";     elem.controlQueue.style.left=(elem.control.clientWidth/2-target.offsetLeft-target.offsetWidth/2)+"px";     this.$view(this.queue[n]);     this.index=n;    }    return this;   },   // 适应   $adapt: function () {    var _this=this, elem=this.elem, target=this.queue[this.index],      view=elem.view,      img=elem.viewCache,      container=elem.container,     scale=target.scale;    var imgSize={     width: img.width,     height: img.height,     rate: img.width/img.height    };    var conSize={     width: container.clientWidth,      height: container.clientHeight,      rate: container.clientWidth/container.clientHeight    };    if(target.scale==null){     var coverage=0.7;     if(imgSize.rate>conSize.rate){ // 更宽      if(imgSize.width>conSize.width*coverage){       target.scale=conSize.width/imgSize.width*coverage;      }      else{       target.scale=1;      }     }     else{      if(imgSize.height>conSize.height*coverage){       target.scale=conSize.height/imgSize.height*coverage;      }      else{       target.scale=1;      }     }    }    target.width=imgSize.width*target.scale;    target.height=imgSize.height*target.scale;    target.left=((conSize.width-imgSize.width*target.scale)/2+target.x);    target.top=((conSize.height-imgSize.height*target.scale)/2+target.y);    view.style.width=target.width+"px";    view.style.height=target.height+"px";    view.style.left=target.left + "px";    view.style.top=target.top + "px";    view.style.transform="rotate(" + target.rotate + "deg)";   },   // 追加列表   add: function () {    var _this=this, elem=this.elem, queue=this.queue;    var arg;    for (var i = 0; arg=arguments[i]; i++) {     if(!arg){      return false;     }     if(arg.length){      var a;      for (var i = 0; a=arg[i]; i++) {       checkType(a);      }     }     else{      check(arg);     }    }    function checkType(mixed) {     if(typeof mixed==="string"){      var img=document.createElement("img");      img.src=mixed;      add(img, null, null);     }     else if(mixed.nodeName&&mixed.nodeName.toLowerCase()==="img"){      add(mixed.getAttribute("data-source")||mixed.src,        mixed.getAttribute("data-rotate")||null,        mixed.getAttribute("data-scale")||null);     }     else{      return false;     }    }    function add(src, rotate, scale) {     var q={      src: src, // 图片路径      rotate: rotate||0, // 旋转角度      scale: scale, // 缩放比例,null时会通过adapt计算以contain      x: 0, // x轴偏移      y: 0  // y轴偏移     };     queue.push(q);     var p=createElement("p", null, elem.controlQueue),      img=createElement("img");     p.style.cssText="opacity: 0;background-image: url(" + src + ");";     p.photoview={      index: queue.length-1     };     img.src=src;     img.onload=function () {      p.style.opacity="";      this.onload=null;     };    }    return this;   },   // 绑定事件   $bind: function () {    var _this=this, elem=this.elem, queue=this.queue;    // 关闭    elem.close.onclick=function () {     _this.close();    };    // 窗口变化    var resizeTimer=0, resizeHandler=function () {     clearTimeout(resizeTimer);     resizeTimer=setTimeout(function () {      if(!_this.queue.length) return;      elem.controlQueue.children[_this.index].click();     }, 200);    };    if(window.addEventListener){     addEventListener("resize", resizeHandler);    }    else if(window.attachEvent){     attachEvent("onresize", resizeHandler);    }    // view.onload自适应    elem.viewCache.onload=function () {     elem.view.style.backgroundImage='url("' + this.src + '")';     _this.$adapt();    };    // view缩放    var scaleTipTimer=0, showScaleTip=function (scale) {     if(window.console) console.log(scale);     elem.scaleValue.innerHTML=parseInt(scale*100)+"%";     elem.scaleValue.style.display="block";     clearTimeout(scaleTipTimer);     clearTimeout(scaleTipTimer+1);     clearTimeout(scaleTipTimer+2);     scaleTipTimer=setTimeout(function () {      elem.scaleValue.style.opacity=1;     }, 16);     setTimeout(function () {      elem.scaleValue.style.opacity=0;     }, 1200);     setTimeout(function () {      elem.scaleValue.style.display="none";     }, 1300);    };    bindWheel(elem.container, function (y, x, e) {     if(!_this.queue.length) return;     var target=queue[_this.index],       rate=1.2;     if(y>0){      target.scale=target.scale/rate;     }     else if(y<0){      target.scale=target.scale*rate;     }          showScaleTip(target.scale);     if(e.target===elem.view){      // view内部定点缩放      var position={       // transition中的元素会使getBoundingClientRect、getComputedStyle、offsetLeft等无法取得最终值       x: e.clientX-target.left-target.width/2,       y: e.clientY-target.top-target.height/2      };      if(y>0){       target.x=target.x-(position.x/rate-position.x);       target.y=target.y-(position.y/rate-position.y);      }      else if(y<0){       target.x=target.x-(position.x*rate-position.x);       target.y=target.y-(position.y*rate-position.y);      }     }     _this.$adapt();    }, true);    // view移动    var moving=false, coord={x: 0, y: 0};    elem.view.onmousedown=function (e) {     e=window.event||e;     moving=true;     coord.x=e.clientX;     coord.y=e.clientY;     elem.view.style.zIndex=2;    };    // 离开事件绑定到wrap,防止禁止移动状态下(选中元素拖拽)发生bug    elem.wrap.onmouseup=elem.wrap.onmouseout=function (e) {     moving=false;     elem.view.style.transition="";     elem.view.style.zIndex="";    };    elem.view.onmousemove=function (e) {     if(!_this.queue.length) return;     if(moving){      elem.view.style.transition="none";      var target=_this.queue[_this.index];      target.x=target.x+e.clientX-coord.x;      target.y=target.y+e.clientY-coord.y;      coord.x=e.clientX;      coord.y=e.clientY;      _this.$adapt();     }    };    // 点击queue,定位到目标    elem.controlQueue.onclick=function (e) {     e=window.event||e;     var target=e.srcElement||e.target;     if(target.nodeName==="P"){      _this.aim(target.photoview.index);     }    };    // control滚动    bindWheel(elem.control, function (y, x) {     if(y>0){      _this.aim(_this.index+1);     }     else if(y<0){      _this.aim(_this.index-1);     }    }, true);    // 捕获按键    elem.wrap.onkeydown=function (e) {     if(e.keyCode===27){      _this.close();     }    };    // 放大    elem.scaleUp.onclick=function () {     if(!_this.queue.length) return;     var target=queue[_this.index];     target.scale=target.scale*1.1;     showScaleTip(target.scale);     _this.$adapt();    };    // 缩小    elem.scaleDown.onclick=function () {     if(!_this.queue.length) return;     var target=queue[_this.index];     target.scale=target.scale/1.1;     showScaleTip(target.scale);     _this.$adapt();    };    // 自适应    elem.scaleAdapt.onclick=function () {     if(!_this.queue.length) return;     var target=queue[_this.index];     target.x=target.y=0;     if(target.scale===1){      target.scale=null;     }     else{      target.scale=1;     }     _this.$adapt();    };    // 上一张    elem.prev.onclick=function () {     if(!_this.queue.length) return;     _this.aim(_this.index-1);    };    // 下一张    elem.next.onclick=function () {     if(!_this.queue.length) return;     _this.aim(_this.index+1);    };    // 顺时针旋转    elem.rotateCW.onclick=function () {     if(!_this.queue.length) return;     queue[_this.index].rotate=(queue[_this.index].rotate+90)%360;     _this.$adapt();    };    // 逆时针旋转    elem.rotateCCW.onclick=function () {     if(!_this.queue.length) return;     queue[_this.index].rotate=(queue[_this.index].rotate-90)%360;     _this.$adapt();    };    // 下载    elem.download && (elem.download.onclick=function () {     if(!_this.queue.length) return;     var a=document.createElement("a");     a.href=_this.queue[_this.index].src;     a.download=/([^\/]+)$/.test(a.href)&&RegExp.$1||new Date().getTime()     a.click();    });   },   // 隐藏查看器   close: function () {    var style=this.elem.wrap.style;    style.opacity=0;    setTimeout(function () {     style.display="none";    }, 316);    return this;   },   // 销毁   destory: function () {    // 暂时只移除dom    this.elem.wrap.parentNode.removeChild(this.elem.wrap);    return this;   },   // 清空列表   reset: function () {    this.queue.length=0;    this.elem.controlQueue.innerHTML="";    this.elem.view.style.cssText="";    return this;   },   // 显示查看器   show: function () {    var _this=this, elem=this.elem,      style=elem.wrap.style;     style.opacity=0;     style.display="block";    setTimeout(function () {     style.opacity=1;    }, 16);    _this.aim(0);    elem.wrap.focus();    return this;   },   // 预览   $view: function (target) {    var _this=this, elem=this.elem;    elem.viewCache.src=target.src;   }  };  pv.size=0;  return pv; }();})();

View Code

 

css

.photoview{ display: none; position: fixed;left: 0;top: 0;right: 0;bottom: 0;z-index: 100;overflow: hidden; background: rgba(0, 0, 0, .8); transition: all 0.3s ease-out; moz-user-select: -moz-none; -moz-user-select: none; -o-user-select: none; -khtml-user-select: none; -webkit-user-select: none; -ms-user-select: none; user-select: none;}.photoview-container{ position: relative;width: 100%;height: 100%;}.photoview-scale-value{ position: absolute;left: 0;top: 0;right: 0;bottom: 0;margin: auto;z-index: 2; width: 3em;height: 20px;line-height: 20px;text-align: center; background: rgba(0, 0, 0, .7);color: #fff;border-radius: 20px; opacity: 0; transition: opacity 0.1s ease-out;}.photoview-view{ position: absolute; cursor: all-scroll; background-repeat: no-repeat; background-position: 50% 50%; background-size: 100% 100%; box-shadow: 0 5px 25px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.4); transition: width 0.3s ease-out,   height 0.3s ease-out,   left 0.3s ease-out,   top 0.3s ease-out;}.photoview-close{position: absolute;right: 10px;top: 10px;color: #fff;cursor: pointer;}.photoview-control{ position: absolute;left: 0;right: 0;bottom: 0;height: 120px; background-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, .6);opacity: 0; transition: all 0.3s ease-out;}.photoview-control:hover{opacity: 1;}.photoview-control-queue{ position: absolute;left: 0;top: 15px;width: 10000%;height: 60px; transition: all 0.4s ease-out;}.photoview-control-queue p{ display: inline-block;width: 60px;height: 60px;margin: 0 2px;background-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, .8); background-size: cover;cursor: pointer; transition: all 0.2s ease-out;}.photoview-control-queue p.active{ opacity: 1;}.photoview-control-edit{ position: absolute;left: 0;bottom: 15px;width: 100%;height: 15px; text-align: center;}.photoview-control-edit:before{ content: "";position: absolute;left: 50%;top: -20px;width: 0;height: 0;margin-left: -10px;overflow: hidden; border: 10px solid transparent;border-bottom-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, .7);}.photoview-control-edit > div{ display: inline-block;margin: 0 2px;width: 4em;min-width: 10px;min-height: 10px; cursor: pointer;color: #fff;text-align: center;}.photoview-scale-up:before{content: "放大";}.photoview-scale-down:before{content: "缩小";}.photoview-scale-adapt:before{content: "自适应";}.photoview-prev:before{content: "上一张";}.photoview-next:before{content: "下一张";}.photoview-rotate-ccw:before{content: "逆时针";}.photoview-rotate-cw:before{content: "顺时针";}.photoview-download:before{content: "下载";}

View Code

 

demo

<!DOCTYPE html><html><head> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" /> <title>图片浏览</title> <style>    .list img{float: left;display: block;width: 50px;height: 50px;margin: 2px;} </style></head><body> <div id="list" class="list">  <img src="http://i1.tietuku.com/f424109042f29ed6.jpg" alt="">  <img src="http://i3.tietuku.com/01585f07bf4308b6.jpg" alt="">  <img src="http://i3.tietuku.com/dc295d3a37c11bbb.jpg" alt="">  <img src="http://i3.tietuku.com/20bdc0bcd3e94334.jpg" alt="">  <img src="http://i3.tietuku.com/a43fac13664dc8ee.jpg" alt=""> </div>
<!-- 引入Photoview的css和js --> <link rel="stylesheet" href="./photoView.css"> <script src="./photoview.js"></script> <script> var pv=new PhotoView(), // 初始化PhotoView,生成DOM元素 list=document.querySelector("#list"); pv.add(list.children); // 将元素添加到PhotoView list.onclick=function (e) { e=window.event||e; var target=e.srcElement||e.target; // 事件委托 if(target.nodeName==="IMG"){ pv.show(); // 显示PhotoView } var index=getIndex(target); pv.aim(index); // 定位到某个图片 }; list.children[0].click(); /** * 获取当前元素在兄弟元素中的index * @param {dom} elem 目标元素 * @return {number} index */ function getIndex(elem) { if(elem.sourceIndex){ return elem.sourceIndex-elem.parentNode.sourceIndex; } else{ var i=0; while(elem=elem.previousElementSibling) i++; return i; } } </script> </body></html>