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[数据库]好玩的SQL


1. 做一个3*3的加法表

SQL> select a||'+'||b||'='||(a+b) from (select rownum a from all_objects where rownum<4), (select rownum b from all_objects where rownum<4);A||'+'||B||'='||(A+B)------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1+1=21+2=31+3=42+1=32+2=42+3=53+1=43+2=53+3=69 rows selected.

2. 做一个5*5的乘法表

with multiplier as (select rownum n from dual connect by rownum<6)select a.n||'*'||b.n||'='||(a.n*b.n) from multiplier a, multiplier b

3. 不用connect by,只用dual表,构造出1到128

with a as (select 1 from dual union all select 1 from dual)select rownum from a,a,a,a,a,a,a

4. 池塘边上有牛和鹅若干,小华总共看到15个头42条腿,请问牛和鹅各有多少?

with a as (select 1 from dual union all select 1 from dual),b as (select rownum n from a,a,a,a)select x.n num_of_bull, y.n num_of_goose from b x, b y where x.n*4+y.n*2=42 and x.n+y.n=15

5. 百钱买鸡兔:老母鸡3块1只,小母鸡4块5只,大白兔2块1只,小白兔3块4只,要求买回来的动物总共100只,并且脚不少于240条不多于320条。花100块钱来买这些动物,要求每种动物都至少要购买一只且钱正好花完,输出所有的可能情况。

with t as (select 1 from dual union all select 1 from dual),t1 as (select rownum n from t,t,t,t,t)select a.n lmj,5*b.n xmj,c.n dbt,4*d.n xbt from t1 a,t1 b,t1 c,t1 d where 3*a.n+b.n*4+c.n*2+d.n*3=100 and a.n+5*b.n+c.n+4*d.n=100 and (2*a.n+10*b.n+4*c.n+16*d.n between 240 and 320) and a.n<>0 and b.n<>0 and c.n<>0 and d.n<>0;

6. 每个雇员的薪水(SAL)都对应到一个薪水级别(SALGRADE表中的GRADE字段),哪个薪水级别上的雇员数量最多?输出该薪水级别信息。本题需要用三种不同的写法作答。

第一种写法:

select * from salgrade where grade=(select grade from (select s.grade,count(*) from emp e,salgrade s where e.sal between s.losal and s.hisal group by s.grade order by 2 desc) where rownum=1);

第二种写法:

with t as (select s.grade,count(*) num from emp e,salgrade s where e.sal between s.losal and s.hisal group by s.grade),t1 as (select max(num) maxnum from t)select s.* from salgrade s,t,t1 where s.grade=t.grade and t.num=t1.maxnum;

第三种写法:

select * from salgrade where exists (select 1 from (select grade from (select s.grade,count(*) from emp e,salgrade s where e.sal between s.losal and s.hisal group by s.grade order by 2 desc) where rownum=1) s where s.grade=salgrade.grade);