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[数据库]LAMP+Proftpd+数据迁移

 
on Centos 6.5 64bit minimal安装mysql[root@ftp ~]# yum install -y mysql mysql-server mysql-devel  --安装
[root@ftp ~]# /etc/init.d/mysqld start  --启动
[root@ftp ~]#/usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation   --初始化
[root@ftp ~]# chkconfig --levels 235 mysqld on  --235level启动
[root@ftp ~]# chkconfig --list |grep mysqld  --look look
mysqld          0:off   1:off   2:on    3:on    4:off   5:on    6:off安装apache
[root@ftp ~]# yum install -y httpd --安装
[root@ftp ~]# /etc/init.d/httpd start --启动
Starting httpd: httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name... ...  --在/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf 加入"ServerName localhost:80"或本地域名解析
[root@ftp ~]# chkconfig --levels 235 httpd on  --启动
[root@ftp ~]# chkconfig --list |grep httpd --look look
httpd           0:off   1:off   2:on    3:on    4:off   5:on    6:off
[root@ftp html]# pwd
/var/www/html        --这是www根目录安装PHP
[root@ftp ~]# yum install -y php  --安装
[root@ftp ~]# yum install -y php-mysql php-gd php-imap php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-[root@ftp ~]# service httpd restart   --重启httpd服务使php生效,验证php安装是否正确http://localhost/info.php(需建立info.php文件)
[root@ftp ~]# vi /var/www/html/info.php  #建立php文件内容如下
<?
phpphpinfo();
?>安装第三方源
http://pkgs.repoforge.org/rpmforge-release/   --Ctrl+F找到Centos6的对应rpm包
[root@ftp tmp]# wget http://pkgs.repoforge.org/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.2-1.el6.rf.x86_64.rpm   --下载它
[root@ftp tmp]# wget http://dag.wieers.com/rpm/packages/RPM-GPG-KEY.dag.txt  --下载验证(可以了解下GPG)
[root@ftp tmp]# rpm --import RPM-GPG-KEY.dag.txt  --导入验证文件
[root@ftp tmp]# rpm -ivh rpmforge-release-0.5.2-1.el6.rf.x86_64.rpm   --安装它安装proftpd(一定要编译安装,并安装mysql支持)
[root@ftp ~]# yum install -y gcc make  --安装编译所需要的工具
[root@ftp ~]# whereis mysql
mysql: /usr/bin/mysql /usr/lib64/mysql /usr/include/mysql /usr/share/mysql /usr/share/man/man1/mysql.1.gz
[root@ftp ~]# which mysql
/usr/bin/mysql
[root@ftp home]# gunzip -c proftpd-1.3.5.tar.gz | tar xf -
[root@ftp home]# cd proftpd-1.3.5
[root@ftp proftpd-1.3.5]# ./configure --with-modules=mod_sql:mod_sql_mysql:mod_quotatab:mod_quotatab_sql \
> --enable-nls \
> --with-includes=/usr/include/mysql \
> --with-libraries=/usr/bin/mysql \
> --prefix=/usr/local/proftpd[root@ftp proftpd-1.3.5]# make
[root@ftp proftpd-1.3.5]# make install[root@ftp ~]# vim /usr/local/proftpd/etc/proftpd.conf   --配置  1 # This is a basic ProFTPD configuration file (rename it to
  2 # 'proftpd.conf' for actual use.  It establishes a single server
  3 # and a single anonymous login.  It assumes that you have a user/group
  4 # "nobody" and "ftp" for normal operation and anon.
  5
  6 ServerName                      "ProFTPD Default Installation"
  7 ServerType                      standalone
  8 DefaultServer                   on
  9
 10 # Port 21 is the standard FTP port.
 11 Port                            21
 12
 13 # Don't use IPv6 support by default.
 14 UseIPv6                         off
 15
 16 # Umask 022 is a good standard umask to prevent new dirs and files
 17 # from being group and world writable.
 18 Umask                           002
 19
 20 # To prevent DoS attacks, set the maximum number of child processes
 21 # to 30.  If you need to allow more than 30 concurrent connections
 22 # at once, simply increase this value.  Note that this ONLY works
 23 # in standalone mode, in inetd mode you should use an inetd server
 24 # that allows you to limit maximum number of processes per service
 25 # (such as xinetd).
 26 MaxInstances                    30
 27
 28 # Set the user and group under which the server will run.
 29 User                            nobody
 30 Group                           nobody
 31
 32 # To cause every FTP user to be "jailed" (chrooted) into their home
 33 # directory, uncomment this line.
 34 DefaultRoot ~
 35
 36 # Normally, we want files to be overwriteable.
 37 AllowOverwrite          on
 38
 39 # Bar use of SITE CHMOD by default
 40 <Limit SITE_CHMOD>
 41   DenyAll
 42 </Limit>
 43
 44 # A basic anonymous configuration, no upload directories.  If you do not
 45 # want anonymous users, simply delete this entire <Anonymous> section.
 46 #<Anonymous ~ftp>
 47 #  User                         ftp
 48 #  Group                                ftp
 49
 50   # We want clients to be able to login with "anonymous" as well as "ftp"
 51 #  UserAlias                    anonymous ftp
 52
 53   # Limit the maximum number of anonymous logins
 54 #  MaxClients                   10
 55
 56   # We want 'welcome.msg' displayed at login, and '.message' displayed
 57   # in each newly chdired directory.
 58 #  DisplayLogin                 welcome.msg
 59 #  DisplayChdir                 .message
 60
 61   # Limit WRITE everywhere in the anonymous chroot
 62 #  <Limit WRITE>
 63 #    DenyAll
 64 #  </Limit>
 65 #</Anonymous>
 66
 67
 68 #数据库连接
 69 SQLBackend mysql
 70 # The passwords in MySQL are encrypted using CRYPT
 71 SQLAuthTypes Plaintext Crypt
 72 SQLAuthenticate users groups
 73
 74 # used to connect to the database
 75 # databasename@host database_user user_password
 76 SQLConnectInfo ftp@localhost proftpd your_password
 77
 78 # Here we tell ProFTPd the names of the database columns in the "usertable"
 79 # we want it to interact with. Match the names with those in the db
 80 SQLUserInfo ftpuser userid passwd uid gid homedir shell
 81
 82 # Here we tell ProFTPd the names of the database columns in the "grouptable"
 83 # we want it to interact with. Again the names match with those in the db
 84 SQLGroupInfo ftpgroup groupname gid members
 85
 86
 87 # set min UID and GID - otherwise these are 999 each
 88 SQLMinID 500
 89
 90 # create a user's home directory on demand if it doesn't exist
 91 CreateHome on
 92
 93 # Update count every time user logs in
 94 SQLLog PASS updatecount
 95 SQLNamedQuery updatecount UPDATE "count=count+1, accessed=now() WHERE userid='%u'" ftpuser
 96
 97 # Update modified everytime user uploads or deletes a file
 98 SQLLog STOR,DELE modified
 99 SQLNamedQuery modified UPDATE "modified=now() WHERE userid='%u'" ftpuser
100
101 RootLogin off
102 RequireValidShell off
103 #UseEncoding UTF-8 CP936
104 #禁止删除文件,可删除空文件夹。
105 <Directory /home/ftp/*>
106 <Limit DELE >
107 DenyUser rdd1,rdd2,rdd3,amd,fd,wsd,csd,std,asd,ftp
108 </Limit>
109 </Directory>数据库(ftp)的表结构
mysql> show databases;
+--------------------+
| Database           |
+--------------------+
| information_schema |
| ftp                |
+--------------------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)mysql> use ftp;
Reading table information for completion of table and column names
You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -ADatabase changed
mysql> show tables;
+---------------+
| Tables_in_ftp |
+---------------+
| ftpgroup      |
| ftpuser       |
+---------------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)mysql> desc ftpgroup;
+-----------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field     | Type        | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+-----------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| groupname | varchar(16) | NO   | MUL |         |       |
| gid       | smallint(6) | NO   |     | 5500    |       |
| members   | varchar(16) | NO   |     |         |       |
+-----------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)mysql> desc ftpuser;
+----------+------------------+------+-----+---------------------+----------------+
| Field    | Type             | Null | Key | Default             | Extra          |
+----------+------------------+------+-----+---------------------+----------------+
| id       | int(10) unsigned | NO   | PRI | NULL                | auto_increment |
| userid   | varchar(32)      | NO   | UNI |                     |                |
| passwd   | varchar(32)      | NO   |     |                     |                |
| uid      | smallint(6)      | NO   |     | 5500                |                |
| gid      | smallint(6)      | NO   |     | 2001                |                |
| homedir  | varchar(255)     | NO   |     |                     |                |
| shell    | varchar(16)      | NO   |     | /sbin/nologin       |                |
| count    | int(11)          | NO   |     | 0                   |                |
| accessed | datetime         | NO   |     | 0000-00-00 00:00:00 |                |
| modified | datetime         | NO   |     | 0000-00-00 00:00:00 |                |
+----------+------------------+------+-----+---------------------+----------------+
10 rows in set (0.00 sec)mysql数据库的备份与恢复
[root@amd240 ~]# mysqldump -u root -p --all-databases > all.sql   --备份全部数据库
Enter password:
-- Warning: Skipping the data of table mysql.event. Specify the --events option explicitly.   --提示这个是因为mysql默认是不备份事件表的。加上--events --ignore-table=mysql.events参数即可;
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqldump -uroot -p --events --ignore-table=mysql.events --all-databases > all.sql
[root@ftp ~]# mysql -u root -p < /home/all.sql  --恢复备份数据(恢复时数据库要开启,完成后需要重启生效)加用户和组
[root@ftp ~]# groupadd -g 2001 ftpgroup
[root@ftp ~]# useradd -u 2001 -s /bin/false -d /bin/null -c "proftpd user" -g ftpgroup ftpuser
[root@ftp ~]# cat /etc/passwd |grep ftpuser
ftpuser:x:2001:2001:proftpd user:/bin/null:/bin/false
[root@ftp ~]# cat /etc/group |grep ftpgroup
ftpgroup:x:2001:copy原ftp目录到新服务器(注意带属性copy及目录的权限和属组信息等)
# scp -prv /home/ftp root@yourhostname_or_IPaddr:/home/
必要时,需要手动修改各目录的属组启动proftpd
[root@ftp ~]# /usr/local/proftpd/sbin/proftpd
[root@ftp ~]# pgrep proftpd
10573                       --有进程号说明服务起来了proftpd -nd6 --启动可以查看错误信息
proftpd -l   --查看当前支持的模块 如是否支持mysql以下是扩展的知识
一般使用mysqldump来备份和恢复,常用的几种常法:
(1)导出整个数据库(包括数据库中的数据)    mysqldump -u username -p dbname > dbname.sql    (2)导出数据库结构(不含数据)    mysqldump -u username -p -d dbname > dbname.sql    (3)导出数据库中的某张数据表(包含数据)    mysqldump -u username -p dbname tablename > tablename.sql    (4)导出数据库中的某张数据表的表结构(不含数据)    mysqldump -u username -p -d dbname tablename > tablename.sql
    
(5)如要对数据进行还原,可执行如下命令:    mysql -u username -p test_db < test_db.sql
 
 
 
 参考资料
 http://blog.xuite.net/tunedgr01/knowledge/6378500-RedHat+-+Proftpd+%2B+MySQL+authentication+%2B+Quotas++