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[操作系统]IOS 文件管理 2


IOS开发-文件管理(二)

五、Plist文件

String方式添加              

NSString *path = [NSHomeDirectory( )  stringByAppendingPathComponent:@"Array.plist"];                    

NSString *content = @"abcd";            

[contect writeToFile:path atomically:YES encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding error:nil];

Array方式添加        

NSString *path = [NSHomeDirectory( )  stringByAppendingPathComponent:@"Array.plist"];     

[NSArray *array = [[NSArray alloc] initWithObjects:@"123", @"798",@"000",nil];       [array writeToFile:path atomically:YES];

Dictionary方式添加          

NSString *path = [NSHomeDirectory( )  stringByAppendingPathComponent:@"Dic.plist"];                        

NSDictionary *dic = [NSDictionary alloc] initWithObjects:@"first",@"second",@"third"forKeys:@"123",@"456",@"798"];                                                                       [dic writeToFile:path atomically:YES];

  • 数组、字典只能将BOOL、NSNumber、NSString、NSData、NSDate、NSArray、NSDictionary写入属性列表plist文件

六、读取文件类和常用方法

  • NSFileHandle类主要对文件内容进行读取和写入操作

  • NSFileManager类主要对文件的操作(删除、修改、移动、复制等等)

常用处理方法

+ (id)fileHandleForReadingAtPath:(NSString *)path  打开一个文件准备读取     

+ (id)fileHandleForWritingAtPath:(NSString *)path  打开一个文件准备写入   

+ (id)fileHandleForUpdatingAtPath:(NSString *)path  打开一个文件准备更新  

-  (NSData *)availableData; 从设备或通道返回可用的数据            

-  (NSData *)readDataToEndOfFile; 从当前的节点读取到文件的末尾               

-  (NSData *)readDataOfLength:(NSUInteger)length; 从当前节点开始读取指定的长度数据                           

-  (void)writeData:(NSData *)data; 写入数据         

-  (unsigned long long)offsetInFile;  获取当前文件的偏移量            

-  (void)seekToFileOffset:(unsigned long long)offset; 跳到指定文件的偏移量     

-  (unsigned long long)seekToEndOfFile; 跳到文件末尾        

-  (void)truncateFileAtOffset:(unsigned long long)offset; 将文件的长度设为offset字节

-  (void)closeFile;  关闭文件

向文件追加数据

NSString *homePath  = NSHomeDirectory( );        

NSString *sourcePath = [homePath stringByAppendingPathConmpone:@"testfile.text"];                                            

NSFileHandle *fielHandle = [NSFileHandle fileHandleForUpdatingAtPath:sourcePath];                                                        

[fileHandle seekToEndOfFile];  将节点跳到文件的末尾          

NSString *str = @"追加的数据"                   

NSData* stringData  = [str dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];          

[fileHandle writeData:stringData]; 追加写入数据       

[fileHandle closeFile];

定位数据                    

NSFileManager *fm = [NSFileManager defaultManager];              

NSString *content = @"abcdef";                      

[fm createFileAtPath:path contents:[content dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding] attributes:nil];                                                   

NSFileHandle *fileHandle = [NSFileHandle fileHandleForReadingAtPath:path];      

NSUInteger length = [fileHandle availabelData] length]; 获取数据长度       

[fileHandle seekToFileOffset;length/2]; 偏移量文件的一半           

NSData *data = [fileHandle readDataToEndOfFile];                

[fileHandle closeFile];

复制文件                           

NSFileHandle *infile, *outfile; 输入文件、输出文件          

NSData *buffer; 读取的缓冲数据                    

NSFileManager *fileManager = [NSFileManager defaultManager];   

NSString *homePath = NSHomeDirectory( );              

NSString *sourcePath = [homePath stringByAppendingPathComponent:@"testfile.txt"];  源文件路径                                          

NSString *outPath = [homePath stringByAppendingPathComponent:@"outfile.txt"]; 输出文件路径                               

BOOL sucess  = [fileManager createFileAtPath:outPath contents:nil attributes:nil];  

if (!success)          

{                                                      

return N0;                                                                                                   

}                 

infile = [NSFileHandle fileHandleForReadingAtPath:sourcePath]; 创建读取源路径文件

if (infile == nil)                          

{                                          

return NO;                      

}                           

outfile = [NSFileHandle fileHandleForReadingAtPath:outPath]; 创建病打开要输出的文件                                                                                                                

if (outfile == nil)                            

{                                                               

return NO;                                                    

}                                             

[outfile truncateFileAtOffset:0]; 将输出文件的长度设为0         

buffer = [infile readDataToEndOfFile];  读取数据           

[outfile writeData:buffer];  写入输入                        

[infile closeFile];        关闭写入、输入文件               

[outfile closeFile];